Fertilization and early embryology. The probability of abnormal preimplantation development can be predicted by a single static observation on pronuclear stage morphology
Author: Tesarik, Jan
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 14, Number 5, May 1999 , pp. 1318-1323(6)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:This retrospective study was undertaken to determine whether further developmental progression of twopronucleated (2PN) zygotes can be predicted by a single, non-invasive examination of pronuclei, with the use of criteria based on the number and distribution of nucleolar precursor bodies in each pronucleus. The normal range of pronuclear variability was defined by analysis of zygotes giving rise to embryos transferred in 100%-implantation cycles (pattern 0). Morphological patterns differing from pattern 0 were classified as patterns 1–5. The frequency of developmental arrest of pattern 0 zygotes was only 8.5% as compared with 31.6, 21.9, 30.0, 20.5 and 24.1% for patterns 1–5 respectively. Relationships of pronuclear patterns with blastomere multinucleation and cleaving embryo morphology were also noted. Clinical pregnancy was achieved in 22 of 44 (50%) treatment cycles in which at least one pattern 0 embryo was transferred, but only in two of 23 (9%) cycles in which only pattern 1–5 embryos were transferred. These data present new evaluation criteria which can be used to predict the developmental fate of human embryos as early as the pronuclear stage, without requiring repeated observations or an exact timing of pronuclear zygote inspection. Further prospective study is needed for clinical validation of these criteria.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Laboratoire d'Eylau, 55 Rue Saint-Didier, 75116 Paris, France and
Publication date: 1999-05-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.