Andrology. Detection of aneuploidy for chromosomes 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 17, 18, 21, X and Y by fluorescence in-situ hybridization in spermatozoa from nine patients with oligoasthenoteratozoospermia undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 14, Number 5, May 1999 , pp. 1266-1273(8)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:Recent evidence suggests that infertile males donating semen for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) may be at an increased risk of transmitting numerical (predominantly sex chromosome) abnormalities to their offspring. The present study was designed to determine aneuploidy in spermatozoa from oligoasthenoteratozoospermic (OAT) patients undergoing ICSI. Aneuploidy frequencies of 12 autosomes and the sex chromosomes were determined by fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) on spermatozoa from fresh ejaculate of nine severe OAT patients and four proven fertile donors. FISH, using directly labelled (fluorochrome-dUTP) satellite or contig DNA probes specific for chromosomes 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 17, 18, 21, X, and Y, was performed on decondensed spermatozoa. Per chromosome disomy frequencies for autosomes and sex chomosomes in OAT males were 0–5.4%. In contrast, the disomy frequencies in controls were 0.05–0.2%. The frequency of diploid spermatozoa in OAT patients was 0.4–9.6%; controls showed a mean of 0.04%. Using recently developed formulae, the total aneuploidy in our OAT patient population was estimated to be 33–74%. In contrast, estimates of mean total aneuploidy in the spermatozoa of controls ranged from 4.1 to 7.7%, depending upon method of calculation. Six series of ICSI were performed on five of the OAT patients. Four resulted in no establishment of pregnancy; the others failed to establish ongoing pregnancies. Our cytogenetic data show significantly elevated frequencies of diploidy, autosomal disomy and nullisomy, sex chromosome aneuploidy, and total aneuploidy in OAT patients, which may contribute to the patients' infertility.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Center for Pediatric Research, 2: Institute of Genetic Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA 3: Biomedical Research Center, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Taejon, Korea, 4: Jones Institute for Reproductive Medicine, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA,
Publication date: 1999-05-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.