Placental protein 14 in endometrium during menstrual cycle and effect of early luteal phase mifepristone administration on its expression in implantation stage endometrium in the rhesus monkey
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 13, Number 12, December 1998 , pp. 3478-3486(9)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:Placental protein 14 (PP14) is a glycoprotein which is secreted by secretory phase endometrium and decidua in women. Despite the suggestion that PP14 is involved in the process of endometrial maturation for blastocyst implantation, our understanding in this regard is poor. In the present study, the concentrations and distribution patterns of immunodetectable PP14 in the endometrium during proliferative and secretory phases of normal ovulatory menstrual cycles, as well as in implantation stage endometrium in naturally mated ovulatory cycles with or without early luteal phase mifepristone treatment, were investigated using the rhesus monkey as a primate model. Immunopositive PP14 was observed mainly in epithelial cells of glands and it was detected in one major immunopositive band at M<INF>r</INF> 28 kDa in tissue homogenate and spent medium. The area of immunopositive precipitation of PP14 in glands was minimal in follicular phase endometrium, and was higher (P < 0.01) in early, mid- and late luteal phase endometrium compared with that in pre- and peri-ovulatory phases of the cycle, but there was no change in its area profile in the glandular compartment throughout the luteal phase. Immunopositivity for PP14 in luminal contents of gland displayed an increasing profile from early to late secretory phases. Thus, the concentrations and the distribution of immunodetectable PP14 in luteal phase endometrium of the rhesus monkey showed marked similarity with those of human endometrium during the natural menstrual cycle. Although there was no marked change in the band characteristics for the protein in implantation stage endometrium following early luteal phase mifepristone treatment, it was markedly decreased (P < 0.01) in tissue homogenate and in vitro spent medium along with a lesser (P < 0.02) degree of immunoprecipitation in the glands in implantation stage samples of mifepristone treatment group compared with that in control group samples. Thus, the contragestational effect of early luteal phase mifepristone treatment appears to be associated with a decrease in the concentration of immunodetectable PP14 in implantation stage endometrial glands and its secretion in the rhesus monkey. It remains to be seen whether this decline is caused from direct antiprogesterone action on endometrial glands during progesterone dominance, or secondarily from associated retarded development of endometrium.Keywords: immunoblot/immunohistochemistry/mifepristone/PP14/rhesus monkey
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 1998-12-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.