Outstanding contribution. Contraceptive potential of a mifepristone-nomegestrol acetate sequential regimen in women
Authors: HB Croxatto; AM Salvatierra; B Fuentealba; R Massai
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 13, Number 12, December 1998 , pp. 3297-3302(6)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:The effectiveness of a sequential regimen consisting of mifepristone, 10 mg/day for 15 days, followed by nomegestrol acetate (NOMA), 5 mg/day for the next 13 days, for inhibiting ovulation and maintaining regular bleeding cycles was assessed in 10 surgically sterilized volunteers who were followed for one pretreatment and three treated cycles. Hormonal determinations in blood and urine, ovarian ultrasonography, bleeding records in all cycles and an endometrial biopsy taken on day 22-25 of the third treatment cycle were used to monitor the effects of treatment. During treatment, 24 monophasic (no sustained progesterone rise above 12 nmol/l) and six biphasic cycles were recorded. Nine follicular ruptures were detected echographically in these 30 treated cycles, five of which occurred in monophasic cycles. All follicular ruptures occurred on days 1-7 of NOMA treatment. Echographic and endocrine features of ovulatory cycles were both present in only four treated cycles (13.3%). Development of a secretory endometrium was achieved in all cases, but it was always irregular. Regular withdrawal bleeding occurred in all subjects and no adverse reactions were recorded. The ovarian and endometrial effects of this regimen justify testing its contraceptive effectiveness in phase 2 clinical trials.Keywords:contraception/mifepristone/nomegestrol acetate/ovulation inhibition/women
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 1998-12-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.