Effect of timing of oocyte denudation and micro-injection on survival, fertilization and embryo quality after intracytoplasmic sperm injection
Authors: H Van de Velde; A De Vos; H Joris; ZP Nagy; AC Van Steirteghem
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 13, Number 11, November 1998 , pp. 3160-3164(5)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:In human in-vitro fertilization (IVF), the oocytes are surrounded by cumulus and corona cells at the time of insemination so that their maturity cannot easily be evaluated. The best IVF results are obtained if the oocytes are inseminated 2-6 h after retrieval. In the intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) procedure, the oocytes are denuded by enzymatic and mechanical treatment in order to be able to perform the injection. As a consequence, the nuclear maturity of the oocytes can be evaluated and only those that have extruded the first polar body are injected. However, metaphase-II oocytes that have not yet reached cytoplasmic maturity cannot be recognized. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of different timing of cumulus-corona cell removal and injection on the outcome of ICSI. For this we allowed the oocytes to complete in-vitro cytoplasmic maturation in two different culture conditions: (i) surrounded by their cumulus and corona cells or (ii) totally denuded. We performed three different studies on sibling oocytes obtained after a standardized buserelin/human menopausal gonadotrophin (HMG) protocol. We investigated the effect of early (1-2 h after retrieval) and late (5-6 h after retrieval) oocyte denudation and injection on the survival and fertilization of the injected oocytes and on embryo cleavage after fertilization. We found no statistically significant differences between early and late injection, indicating that after a standardized buserelin/HMG protocol the metaphase-II oocytes do not need time for further cytoplasmic maturation. Furthermore, a different timing of cumulus-corona cell removal has no effect on the outcome of ICSI, suggesting that the surrounding cells are not necessary for survival, fertilization and cleavage after ICSI.Keywords: embryo quality/fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection/oocyte denudation/survival
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 1998-11-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.