Transvaginal ultrasonography versus uterine needle biopsy in the diagnosis of diffuse adenomyosis
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 13, Number 10, October 1998 , pp. 2884-2887(4)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:To assess the reliability of transvaginal ultrasonography and uterine needle biopsy, used singly or in combination, in the diagnosis of diffuse adenomyosis, a prospective study with pathological confirmation of the diagnosis was performed. A total of 102 premenopausal women scheduled for hysterectomy because of menorrhagia and/or pelvic pain underwent preoperative transvaginal ultrasonography. After removal of the uterus, a single full-thickness myometrial biopsy specimen was taken from along the median line in the upper third of the posterior uterine wall, using a 14-gauge Trucut needle. Adenomyosis was diagnosed by the sonographer by the presence of indistinctly demarcated heterogeneous myometrial areas with distorted echotexture, and by the pathologist when the distance between the lower border of the endometrium and the affected myometrial area was more than one-half of a low power field. The prevalence of adenomyosis was 28% (29/102 patients). The sensitivity and specificity of transvaginal ultrasonography were 82.7 and 67.1% respectively, compared with 44.8 and 95.9% for uterine needle biopsy. The positive predictive values of the two tests were 50.0 and 81.2% respectively, and the negative predictive values 90.7 and 81.4%, likelihood ratios of a positive test 2.5 and 10.9, likelihood ratios of a negative test 0.3 and 0.6, and k indexes of agreement 0.42 and 0.47. Combining the tests did not improve the overall diagnostic performance. Both transvaginal ultrasonography and uterine needle biopsy demonstrated suboptimal test characteristics.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Clinica Ostetrica e Ginecologica 'Luigi Mangiagalli', University of Milano, Milano, Italy 2: Servizio di Istologia ed Anatomia Patologica, Istituti Clinici di Perfezionamento, Milano, Italy
Publication date: October 1998
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.