Prospective evaluation of falloposcopy
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 13, Number 7, July 1998 , pp. 1815-1818(4)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of routine falloposcopy in infertile patients undergoing basic infertility investigations, and to determine its usefulness in comparison with other tubal investigation methods. Seventy-five infertile women were selected based on the following criteria: 2 years of infertility, age between 18 and 40 years, normal ovulation, and partner with normal spermatozoa. Based on the results of the classical means of tubal evaluation (hysterosalpingography and laparoscopy), these patients were classified in one of two groups: tubal or unexplained infertility. All patients underwent a falloposcopy under general anaesthesia. The procedures were performed by the same surgeon with the linear everting catheter. Based on the falloposcopic findings, these patients were then reclassified in one of two other groups: falloposcopic tubal or falloposcopic unexplained infertility. The mean outcome measures were catheterization rate, duration of the procedure, pregnancy rates, complication rate and predictive value of falloposcopy. The tubal catheterization rate was 94.5%. The mean duration of falloposcopy was 19 min per tube. Based on a standard scoring system, the spontaneous pregnancy rates were 27.6% for a score <20; 11.5% for a score between 21 and 30; and 0% if the score was >30. Complication rate was 5.1% of pinpoint perforations of the tube. With Cox's statistical model, none of the parameters analysed was statistically predictive of intrauterine pregnancy. We conclude that the greater accuracy of diagnosis by falloposcopy may indicate that it should be incorporated into the initial screening of infertile patients.
Keywords:falloposcopy/hysterosalpingography/laparoscopy/tubal infertility/unexplained infertility
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Service de Gynecologie-Obstetrique, CHU Arnaud de Villeneuve, 371 Avenue du Doyen Gaston Giraud, 34295 Montpellier, France 2: Unite de Biostatistique, Epidemiologie et Recherche Clinique, Institut Universitaire de Recherche Clinique, 75 Rue de la Cardonille, 34295 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
Publication date: 1998-07-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.