Differential effects of cryopreservation on nuclear or cytoplasmic maturation in vitro in immature mouse oocytes from stimulated ovaries
Authors: Cooper, A; Paynter, SJ; Fuller, BJ; Shaw, RW
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 13, Number 4, April 1998 , pp. 971-978(8)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:The aim of this study was to develop a maturation protocol for immature oocytes and assess the protocol with cryopreserved oocytes. Nuclear maturation (mature spindle and aligned chromosomes) occurred irrespective of the treatment regime: 71-89% of oocytes matured in vitro had a normal spindle and chromosomes compared with 87% matured in vivo. Fertilization rates were not significantly different from those of in-vivo matured oocytes. Of the maturation treatment regimes investigated, the initial treatment producing best development to blastocyst (cytoplasmic maturation) involved a 2 h incubation in standard maturation medium (SMM) containing 7.5 IU follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) followed by 14 h in SMM plus 7.5 IU FSH:luteinizing hormone with follicular cells [62% (range 49-69)]. The addition of 1 ng/ml epidermal growth factor (EGF) in this protocol resulted in development [75% (range 71-81)] that was not significantly different from in-vivo matured oocytes [82% (range 73-90)]. Exposure of the oocytes to 1.5 M dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO) did not affect fertilization or development rates. Following a slow-cool/thaw freezing regime, 81% (range 74-89) of the oocytes were morphologically normal, i.e. had a spherical shape with an intact zona and oolemma; they had, however, lost their previously attached cumulus and corona cells. Maturation of frozen-thawed oocytes in the presence of EGF gave good fertilization rates but poor development rates [80% (range 77-86) and 37% (range 33-40) respectively]. In conclusion, the best maturation, both nuclear and cytoplasmic, occurred in the presence of a combination of gonadotrophins, EGF and follicular cells. Oocytes cryopreserved using a slow-cool/thaw regime can be matured to produce blastocysts after in-vitro fertilization.
Keywords: cryopreservation/epidermal growth factor/in-vitro culture/oocytes/spindle structure
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Corresponding author
Publication date: 1998-04-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.