Outstanding contribution. Chronic treatment of female rhesus monkeys with low doses of the antiprogestin ZK 137 316: establishment of a regimen that permits normal menstrual cyclicity
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 13, Number 2, February 1998 , pp. 259-267(9)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:Large doses of antiprogestin typically disrupt menstrual cyclicity. A chronic low-dose regimen of the potent new antiprogestin ZK 137 316, which permits continued menstrual cyclicity but alters gonadal-reproductive tract activity, was established. Rhesus monkeys received a vehicle (n = 6) or 0.01 (n = 8), 0.03 (n = 8) or 0.1 (n = 5) mg ZK 137 316/kg body weight daily for five menstrual cycles (C-1 to C-5). Oestradiol, progesterone and gonadotrophin profiles were normal during cycles involving vehicle and 0.01 and 0.03 mg ZK 137 316/kg body weight. In the 0.1 mg/kg group, mid-cycle oestradiol and gonadotrophin surges, and subsequent progesterone production, were absent in C-3 and C-5. Ovarian cyclicity was accompanied by timely menstruation in the vehicle and 0.01 mg/kg groups. By C-3, half the animals in the 0.03 mg/kg group and all animals in the 0.1 mg/kg group were amenorrhoeic. A corpus luteum was noted during the mid-luteal phase of C-5 in the vehicle, 0.01 mg/kg and 0.03 mg/kg groups. Large antral and cystic follicles were evident in the 0.1 mg/kg group. Thus, a daily treatment with 0.01 mg/kg ZK 136 317 permitted normal menstrual cyclicity in macaques. While the daily administration of 0.03 mg/kg ZK 136 317 allowed ovarian cyclicity, menstruation was disrupted in some animals. Increasing the dose to 0.1 mg./kg antagonized pituitary function and resulted in anovulation and amenorrhoea. A chronic low-dose regimen of the antiprogestin ZK 137 316, which permits normal ovarian/menstrual cyclicity, has potential as a contraceptive in women.Keywords:antiprogestin/menstrual cycle/ovary/steroids/ZK 137 316
Document Type: Research article
Affiliations: 1: Division of Reproductive Sciences, Oregon Regional Primate Research Center, 505 NW 185th Avenue, Beaverton, OR 97006, USA 2: Experimental Gynecology and Pregnancy Research, Schering AG, Muller Strasse 170, 10000 Berlin 65, Germany
Publication date: 1998-02-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.