Semen parameters and testicular pathology in men with testicular cancer and contralateral carcinoma in situ or bilateral testicular malignancies.
Authors: Kliesch, S; Bergmann, M; Hertle, L; Nieschlag, E; Behre, H M
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 12, Number 12, December 1997 , pp. 2830-2835(6)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:We evaluated 14 patients with bilateral testicular tumour, one-sided tumour and contralateral carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the testis or testis tumour in single testis with respect to their fertility. We analysed semen parameters, serum hormones [follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and testosterone], testicular sonography, testicular volumes and testicular histology prior to further anti-cancer treatment. Ten out of 14 patients showed normal or reduced sperm concentrations, while 4/14 patients were azoospermic. Serum FSH levels showed a significant negative correlation with sperm concentrations in patients with testicular malignancies (r = -0.64, P = 0.025). Testicular volumes revealed a significant positive correlation with semen parameters in patients with testes that were affected by CIS (r = 0.733, P = 0.038). We conclude that even bilateral testicular cancer and/or CIS do not preclude fertility and, therefore, patients should be offered andrological investigation and therapy, including possibly surveillance strategy or the chance for cryopreservation of the semen prior to further treatment in order to preserve their chances for paternity.
Document Type: Journal Article
Publication date: 1997-12-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.