The possible role of the immune system in the aetiopathogenesis of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.
Authors: Mathur, R S; Jenkins, J M; Bansal, A S
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 12, Number 12, December 1997 , pp. 2629-2634(6)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:This review examines recent evidence suggesting a role for the immune system, in particular cytokines, in the pathogenesis of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). Ovarian tissue is known to contain cells capable of producing a range of immunological mediators and the concentrations of these have been shown to be elevated in serum and ascitic fluid from women with established OHSS. Available evidence points to a role for vascular endothelial growth factor and interleukin-2, possibly acting through other intermediary cytokines, in the pathogenesis of OHSS. However, each individual has a unique cytokine profile and several cytokines may share biological actions, making it difficult to interpret data on isolated cytokine concentrations from relatively small numbers of patients. Improved understanding of the role of the immune system in the development of OHSS may have implications for the prediction, prevention and management of this iatrogenic condition.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 1997-12-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.