The in-vitro effects of nicotine and cotinine on sperm motility.
Authors: Gandini, L; Lombardo, F; Lenzi, A; Culasso, F; Pacifici, R; Zuccaro, P; Dondero, F
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 12, Number 4, April 1997 , pp. 727-733(7)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:Swim-up spermatozoa from the seminal samples of non-smokers, usually not exposed to passive smoking, were treated in vitro with nicotine (NIC) and cotinine (COT) at the average levels found in smokers' seminal plasma and at levels 500 times higher than this average. This was done to evaluate the action of these drugs on sperm motility. Each sample was allowed to swim up in Tyrode's solution with or without the drug; the study was carried out at time 0 and +1, +2, +4, +8 and +24 h of incubation, using a light microscope and a CASA system (experiment 1). In addition, the direct action of smoke on spermatozoa was studied using aspirated cigarette smoke (experiment 2). Kinetic parameters were then measured at 30 min, 45 min and 60 min starting from the last smoke injection. The first experiment showed that NIC and COT at average levels did not produce statistically significant variations of the kinetic parameters studied up to 24 h. However, the much higher concentration significantly altered all the kinetic variables in relation to the time of incubation. The second experiment with smoke in toto demonstrated a sharp reduction in all the sperm kinetic parameters. This reduction was seen after 30 min exposure to smoke and increased progressively until almost complete immotility at 1 h of exposure. These results suggest that NIC and COT are not responsible for the harmful effects of cigarette smoke on sperm kinetic parameters reported in the literature.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: April 1997
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