Immunology: Diversity of the blocking effects of antisperm antibodies on fertilization in human and mouse
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 11, Number 12, December 1996 , pp. 2595-2599(5)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:The blocking effects of complement-dependent sperm immobilizing antibodies in the sera of infertile women and monoclonal antisperm antibodies against humans and mice on fertilization were investigated. The hemizona assay (HZA) and sperm penetration assay (SPA) were used to study the inhibitory effects of sera from 22 infertile patients positive for sperm immobilizing antibodies. Use of these tests allowed us to differentiate whether the antibody blocked sperm—zona pellucida tight binding and/or sperm penetration into the ooplasm. The zona pellucida penetration assay (ZPA) was also used to study the effects of four monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) on human sperm penetration into the zona pellucida. Seven mAbs against murine spermatozoa were tested for their inhibitory effects on in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and HZA in mice. Of 22 patient sera with sperm immobilizing antibodies, 21 (95.5%) inhibited HZA attachment and penetration, whereas this did not occur in any of 13 patient sera without these antibodies. However, 19 of 22 (86.4%) patient sera with sperm immobilizing antibodies and eight of 13 (61.5%) patient sera without these antibodies inhibited the SPA. Two (2C6, 1G12) of four mAbs against human spermatozoa showed strong inhibitory effects in all the assays (HZA, ZPA and SPA). One mAb (3B10) did not inhibit HZA but blocked ZPA and SPA. Another mAb (H6-3C4) seemed to have no inhibitory effects on fertilization. Two (Vx 5 and Vx 8) of seven mAbs against murine spermatozoa inhibited IVF in mice but did not block mouse HZA. These findings suggest that antisperm antibodies block fertilization at specific stages. Some of them may inhibit sperm capacitation and thus prevent all processes of fertilization that follow. Some other antibodies may not affect capacitation and sperm binding to zona pellucida but inhibit the acrosome reaction, followed by the blocking of sperm penetration through zona pellucida and ooplasm.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1996-12-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.