Actin cytoskeleton-dependent pathways for ADMA-induced NF-κB activation and TGF-β high expression in human renal glomerular endothelial cells
Authors: Wang, Liyan; Zhang, Dongliang; Zheng, Junfang; Feng, Yiduo; Zhang, Yu; Liu, Wenhu
Source: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica, Volume 44, Number 11, November 2012 , pp. 918-923(6)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, is considered to be an independent risk factor in the progression of chronic kidney diseases (CKD). It can induce kidney fibrosis by increasing transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 expression, but its molecular mechanism is unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of actin cytoskeleton in ADMA-induced TGF-β1 high expression in human renal glomerular endothelial cells (HRGECs). The structure of stress fibers was visualized by immunofluorescence, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) DNA-binding activity was assessed by an electrophoretic mobility shift assay and TGF-β1 expression was assessed by western blot analysis. Results showed that ADMA induced the assembly of stress fibers, DNA binding of NF-κB, and increasing expression of TGF-β1. When the dynamics of actin cytoskeleton was perturbed by the actin-depolymerizing agent cytochalasin D and the actin-stabilizing agent jasplakinolide, or ablation of stress fiber bundles by the nicotineamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase inhibitor apocynin and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitor SB203580, ADMA-induced DNA binding of NF-κB and TGF-β1 expression were inhibited. These results revealed an actin cytoskeleton-dependent mechanism in ADMA-induced NF-κB activation and TGF-β1 high expression in HRGECs. The specific targeting of the actin cytoskeleton may be a useful strategy to prevent ADMA-activated kidney fibrosis in CKD.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2012-11-01