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Positionen in der umweltethischen Debatte über transgene Nutzpflanzen

Ethical Positions in the Ecological Debate over Transgenic Crops

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Abstract:

Mehr als 30 Jahre dauert nun der Konflikt um den Einsatz transgener Pflanzen in der Landwirtschaft an. Die Vehemenz der Debatte wurde zuletzt im September 2012 deutlich, als die Rattenfütterungsstudie des Molekularbiologen Gilles-Éric Séralini Schlagzeilen machte. In der Auseinandersetzung überlagern sich Wissens-, Interessenund Wertekonflikte. Eine genauere Analyse des Wertekonflikts legt die verschiedenen moralischen Grundpositionen offen. Entscheidungskriterien, die diese Positionen integrieren, können helfen, die Diskussion zu versachlichen.

The ongoing debate on the use of transgenic crops in agriculture and its possible ecological consequences is well into its third decade. Within this debate, three moral positions can be identified that rest upon different theories of normative ethics: a consequentialist, a deontological and a virtue ethical position. Although the debate cannot be fully resolved, a closer examination of the functions of the different moral positions is warranted in order to find constructive approaches for managing the controversy. Such an examination could contribute to a more objective debate on the use of transgenic crops. As a first step to achieve this goal the author develops criteria for ethical decision-making that integrate the different moral positions.

Keywords: AGRICULTURE; BIODIVERSITY; BIOTECHNOLOGY; CONSEQUENTIALISM; DEONTOLO GY; DIGNITY OF CREATURES; ETHICS; GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS (GMO); MORAL CONCERNS; NATURALNESS; NATURE KNOWS BEST; PLAYING GOD; RISKS; TRANSGENIC CROPS; UTILITARIANISM; VIRTUE ETHICS

Language: German

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2013-06-01

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  • GAIA is a peer-reviewed inter- and transdisciplinary journal for scientists and other interested parties concerned with the causes and analyses of environmental and sustainability problems and their solutions.

    Environmental problems cannot be solved by one academic discipline. The complex natures of these problems require cooperation across disciplinary boundaries. Since 1991, GAIA has offered a well-balanced and practice-oriented forum for transdisciplinary research. GAIA offers first-hand information on state of the art environmental research and on current solutions to environmental problems. Well-known editors, advisors, and authors work to ensure the high quality of the contributions found in GAIA and a unique transdisciplinary dialogue – in a comprehensible style.

    GAIA is an ISI-journal, listed in the Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Science Citation Index and in Current Contents/Social and Behavioral Sciences.

    All contributions undergo a double-blind peer review.

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