OECD Territorial Reviews Seoul, Korea: (Edition complète ‐ ISBN 9264013008 ‐ en angl. seulement)
Abstract:For many cities in OECD countries, globalisation has opened larger access to new markets, skilled human resources and advanced technology, while accelerating international competition and industrial restructuring. This OECD Territorial Review examines how Seoul ‐ a city of 10.3 million people at the core of a capital region of 22.5 million people ‐ is striving to upgrade its positioning from a gigantic national capital towards a 'world city' and a business hub in Northeast Asia. This quest for international competitiveness fits within a complex national agenda that gives priority to balanced development across the country, notably via the central government's project to relocate administrative functions outside Seoul.
In order to maximise agglomeration economies while addressing congestion costs, Seoul needs to: (i) better spread the innovation produced by its well‐performing education and research system into its economy; (ii) exploit its remarkable urban renewal policy to build a territorial attractiveness strategy (including the flagship project of Cheonggyecheon, which transformed over 6 km of elevated expressway into a river within the city); and (iii) explore the ongoing decentralisation process and existing horizontal collaboration mechanisms to build a stronger capital region.
The Territorial Review of Seoul is integrated into a series of thematic reviews on metropolitan regions undertaken by the OECD Territorial Development Policy Committee. The overall aim of these case studies is to draw and disseminate horizontal policy recommendations for national governments.
Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: September 1, 2005