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Inventory of Estimated Budgetary Support and Tax Expenditures for Fossil Fuels: (Edition complète ‐ ISBN 9789264128736 ‐ en angl. seulement)

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Abstract:

This publication provides preliminary, quantitative estimates of direct budgetary support and tax expenditures supporting the production or consumption of fossil fuels in selected OECD member countries. The information has been compiled as part of the OECD's programme of work to develop a better understanding of environmentally harmful subsidies (EHS). It has been undertaken as an exercise in transparency, and to inform the international dialogue on fossil‐fuel subsidy reform. It is also intended to inform the ongoing efforts of G20 nations to reform fossil‐fuel subsidies.

For each of the 24 OECD countries covered, the Inventory provides a succinct summary of its energy economy, and of the budgetary and tax‐related measures provided at the central‐government level (and, in the case of federal countries, for selected sub‐national units of government) relating to fossil‐fuel production or consumption.

Many measures listed in this inventory are relative preferences within a particular country's tax system rather than absolute support that can be readily compared across countries, and for that reason no national totals are provided.

 





Foreword

Acknowledgements

Abbreviations

Currency abbreviations

Executive Summary

‐The need for an inventory

‐How fossil fuels are supported in OECD countries

1. Introduction

‐Structure of the report

‐Coverage, method and data sources

‐Interpretation of the data

‐Types of tax expenditures relating to fossil fuels

‐Measurement and interpretation of tax expenditures

‐International comparability

‐References

2. Australia

‐Energy resources and market structure

‐Prices, taxes and support mechanisms

‐Data documentation

‐General notes

‐Producer Support Estimate

‐Consumer Support Estimate

‐General Services Support Estimate

‐References

3. Belgium

‐Energy resources and market structure

‐Prices, taxes and support mechanisms

‐Data documentation

‐General notes

‐Producer Support Estimate

‐Consumer Support Estimate

‐References

4. Canada

‐Energy resources and market structure

‐Prices, taxes and support mechanisms

‐Data documentation

‐General notes

‐Producer Support Estimate

‐Consumer Support Estimate

‐General Services Support Estimate

‐References

5. Chile

‐Energy resources and market structure

‐Prices, taxes and support mechanisms

‐Data documentation

‐General notes

‐Consumer Support Estimate

‐References

6. France

‐Energy resources and market structure

‐Prices, taxes and support mechanisms

‐Data documentation

‐General notes

‐Producer Support Estimate

‐Consumer Support Estimate

‐General Services Support Estimate

‐References

7. Germany

‐Energy resources and market structure

‐Prices, taxes and support mechanisms

‐Data documentation

‐General notes

‐Producer Support Estimate

‐Consumer Support Estimate

‐General Services Support Estimate

‐References

8. Hungary

‐Energy resources and market structure

‐Prices, taxes and support mechanisms

‐Data documentation

‐General notes

‐Producer Support Estimate

‐Consumer Support Estimate

‐General Services Support Estimate

‐References

9. Iceland

‐Energy resources and market structure

‐Prices, taxes and support mechanisms

‐Data documentation

‐General notes

‐Consumer Support Estimate

‐References

10. Ireland

‐Energy resources and market structure

‐Prices, taxes and support mechanisms

‐Data documentation

‐General notes

‐Producer Support Estimate

‐Consumer Support Estimate

‐References

11. Israel

‐Energy resources and market structure

‐Prices, taxes and support mechanisms

‐Data documentation

‐General notes

‐Producer Support Estimate

‐Consumer Support Estimate

‐General Services Support Estimate

‐References

12. Italy

‐Energy resources and market structure

‐Prices, taxes and support mechanisms

‐Data documentation

‐General notes

‐Producer Support Estimate

‐Consumer Support Estimate

‐References

13. Japan

‐Energy resources and market structure

‐Prices, taxes and support mechanisms

‐Data documentation

‐General notes

‐Producer Support Estimate

‐Consumer Support Estimate

‐General Services Support Estimate

‐References

14. Korea

‐Energy resources and market structure

‐Prices, taxes and support mechanisms

‐Data documentation

‐General notes

‐Producer Support Estimate

‐Consumer Support Estimate

‐General Services Support Estimate

‐References

15. Luxembourg

‐Energy resources and market structure

‐Prices, taxes and support mechanisms

‐Data documentation

‐General notes

‐Consumer Support Estimate

‐References

16. Mexico

‐Energy resources and market structure

‐Prices, taxes and support mechanisms

‐Data documentation

‐General notes

‐Consumer Support Estimate

‐References

17. Netherlands

‐Energy resources and market structure

‐Prices, taxes and support mechanisms

‐Data documentation

‐General notes

‐Producer Support Estimate

‐Consumer Support Estimate

‐References

18. New Zealand

‐Energy resources and market structure

‐Prices, taxes and support mechanisms

‐Data documentation

‐General notes

‐Producer Support Estimate

‐Consumer Support Estimate

‐General Services Support Estimate

‐References

19. Norway

‐Energy resources and market structure

‐Prices, taxes and support mechanisms

‐Data documentation

‐General notes

‐Producer Support Estimate

‐Consumer Support Estimate

‐General Services Support Estimate

‐References

20. Poland

‐Energy resources and market structure

‐Prices, taxes and support mechanisms

‐Data documentation

‐General notes

‐Producer Support Estimate

‐Consumer Support Estimate

‐General Services Support Estimate

‐References

21. Spain

‐Energy resources and market structure

‐Prices, taxes and support mechanisms 

‐Data documentation

‐General notes

‐Producer Support Estimate

‐Consumer Support Estimate

‐General Services Support Estimate

‐References

22. Sweden

‐Energy resources and market structure

‐Prices, taxes and support mechanisms

‐Data documentation

‐General notes

‐Producer Support Estimates

‐Consumer Support Estimates

‐References

23. Turkey

‐Energy resources and market structure

‐Prices, taxes and support mechanisms

‐Data documentation

‐Producer Support Estimate

‐Consumer Support Estimate

‐References

24. United Kingdom

‐Energy resources and market structure

‐Prices, taxes and support mechanisms

‐Data documentation

‐General notes

‐Producer Support Estimate

‐Consumer Support Estimate

‐General Services Support Estimate

‐References

25. United States

‐Energy resources and market structure

‐Prices, taxes and support mechanisms

‐Data documentation

‐General notes

‐Producer Support Estimate

‐Consumer Support Estimate

‐General Services Support Estimate

‐References

Glossary

‐Sources

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: January 1, 2012

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