This chapter describes important features of the animal disease management system in Australia. The first section focuses on prevention and control systems and covers the assessment of risks, the consultation and decision‐making process, the design and implementation
of animal health programmes, and the management of outbreaks. The second section analyses compensation schemes and the system of incentives, including institutions, compensation practices, financial structures, and incentives for notification and prevention.
The concluding table summarise the main characteristics and challenges.