Immigrant Students' Age at Arrival and Assessment Results
Age at arrival is an important factor in helping to describe much of the performance gap between immigrant and non‐immigrant students. In general, the later in their life immigrant student arrived in the hostcountry, the lower their performance in PISA. Mastery of the assessment language, once more, plays an important role in explaining this pattern. Late‐arrival penalties vary across countries, but they are more pronounced for those immigrant students who do not speak the assessment language at home.
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Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: 2012-07-01