The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) currently comprises 11 states with different demographic and migration trends, as well as economic situations. The historical period preceding its establishment, which began with the breakup of the former Soviet
Union at the end of 1991, saw migration flows in practically all of these countries ‐ and even at that time, these flows varied tremendously in terms of reasons, volumes and directions. This chapter provides a description of the scale and characteristics of
migration, focusing on labour mobility. It also gives a general picture of the co‐operation among CIS states in the field of migration, and describes the main limitations on the free mobility of people and labour force in the region.