Permanent immigration excluding freedom of movement (nationals of Romania, Bulgaria and third countries do not benefit from freedom of movement) reached a level of roughly 137 000 entries in 2010, an 8% increase over 2009. This
increase was driven by an 8% rise in family reunification, to 84 000, while humanitarian and labour migration flows were stable. In part the increase reflects the entries with a long‐stay visa constituting a residence permit (Visa de long séjour
valant titre de séjour, VLS‐TS) in 2009, some of whom were not registered until 2010.