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The 2011 census data confirmed that Bulgaria has been a net emigration country since 1992. Over the twenty‐year period, emigration represented a 6% loss in the total population, and a 10% loss considering only the active population. High emigration levels were accompanied by natural decrease, related to low fertility rates, which contributed a further 12% to total population loss in the same period.

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: June 1, 2012

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