The evolution of Swedish labour migration policy
From 1972 to 2008, Sweden maintained a restrictive policy on labour migration. The 2008 reform was the result of almost a decade of debate and institutional discussion. The 2008 law allows employers to recruit for any occupation, and grants renewable permits to all incoming labour migrants, with the possibility of permanent residence after four years. The trade unions provide an opinion on whether the job offer conforms to the prevailing Swedish wage and conditions, but they no longer hold a veto over the employer request. The absence of a cap on entries or sector restrictions, and the nominal nature of the labour market test, make Sweden's new policy more open than those of most other OECD countries.
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Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: 2011-12-01