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In the past two decades, the number of surgical procedures carried out on a same‐day basis, without any need for hospitalisation, has grown in most OECD countries. Advances in medical technologies, particularly the diffusion of less invasive surgical
interventions, and better anaesthetics have made this development possible. These innovations have also improved patient safety and health outcomes for patients, and have in many cases helped to reduce the unit cost per intervention by shortening the length of stay in hospitals.
However, the impact of the rise in same‐day surgeries on health spending depends not only on changes in their unit cost, but also on the growth in the sheer number of procedures performed, and needs to take into account any additional cost related to post‐acute
care and community health services.