Cardiac procedures (coronary angioplasty)
Abstract:Heart diseases are a leading cause of hospitalisation and death in OECD countries (see Indicator 1.3). Coronary angioplasty is a revascularisation procedure that has revolutionised the treatment of ischemic heart diseases (heart attack and angina) over the past 20 years. It involves the threading of a catheter with a balloon attached to the tip through the arterial system into the diseased coronary artery. The balloon is inflated to distend the coronary artery at the point of obstruction. The placement of a stent to keep the artery open accompanies the majority of angioplasties. Drug‐eluting stents (a stent that gradually releases drugs) are increasingly being used to stem the growth of scar‐like tissue surrounding the stent.
Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: November 1, 2011