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Tobacco consumption among adults

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Tobacco is responsible for about one‐in‐ten adult deaths worldwide, equating to about 6 million deaths each year (Shafey et al., 2009). It is a major risk factor for at least two of the leading causes of premature mortality ‐ circulatory disease and cancer, increasing the risk of heart attack, stroke, lung cancer, cancers of the larynx and mouth, and pancreatic cancer. Smoking also causes peripheral vascular disease and hypertension. In addition, it is an important contributory factor for respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), while smoking among pregnant women can lead to low birth weight and illnesses among infants. It remains the largest avoidable risk to health in OECD countries.

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: November 1, 2011

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