AIDS incidence and HIV prevalence
The first cases of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) were diagnosed 30 years ago. The onset of AIDS is normally caused as a result of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection and can manifest itself as a number of different diseases, such as pneumonia and tuberculosis, as the immune system is no longer able to defend the body, leaving it susceptible to opportunistic infections and tumors. There is a time lag between HIV infection, AIDS diagnosis and death, which can be any number of years depending on the treatment administered. Despite worldwide research, there is no cure currently available.
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Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: 01 November 2011