Skip to main content


Buy Article:

$32.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


An equitable distribution of living standards is a central pillar of cohesive societies. Although shifting wealth has brightened the prospects for global income distribution, the transformation of the global economy raises key distributional challenges for social cohesion. A cohesive society reduces inequality between groups and ensures that all citizens ‐ the poor, the middle‐earners, and the rich ‐ are socially included. Building a common understanding of what constitutes an adequate standard of living ‐ and how to help those members of society who do not reach it ‐ is an integral part of building a cohesive society. Understanding the complex interactions between opportunities, endowments, and market outcomes underlying distributional change is necessary to the establishment of a development strategy that takes into full account the specific needs and characteristics of a country. Education can help by addressing inequality of both outcomes and opportunities ‐ raising the minimum level of education can offset inequality‐increasing pressures originating from the structural changes that shifting wealth has brought with it. Preferences for redistribution as a means of reducing inequality differ from country to country and change over time ‐ understanding how is an additional challenge for policy makers trying to build social cohesion.

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: November 1, 2011


Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more