The Challenges for Social Cohesion in a Shifting World
Abstract:While bringing opportunities and resources to fuel a more inclusive growth process, shifting wealth poses a series of challenges and risks for the cohesiveness of societies. This chapter focuses on four distinctive areas. First, the processes of shifting wealth and globalisation have been accompanied by structural transformation in fast‐growing economies with implications for social inclusion, social capital and social mobility. Second, shifting wealth has not necessarily been associated with sufficient employment creation, more formal jobs, or better gender outcomes. Third, the (re‐)emergence of new growth poles has intensified both the pace of urbanisation and South‐South migration, which exacerbates the challenges that social cohesion faces in integrating immigrants. Finally, by threatening food security, both the steep increase in food prices observed in the 2000s and the large land‐purchases occurring in many developing countries ‐ as fast growing, landscarce developing countries try to secure access to food ‐ could also potentially compromise social cohesion.
Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: November 1, 2011