Perspectives on Global Development 2012: Social Cohesion in a Shifting World (Complete Edition ‐ ISBN 9789264113152)
Abstract:"Shifting wealth" ‐ a process that started in the 1990s and took off in the 2000s ‐ has led to a completely new geography of growth driven by the economic rise of large developing countries, in particular China and India. The resulting re‐configuration of the global economy will shape the political, economic and social agendas of international development as those of the converging and poor countries for the years to come.
This report analyses the impact of "Shifting wealth" on social cohesion, largely focusing on high‐growth converging countries. A "cohesive" society works towards the well‐being of all its members, creates a sense of belonging and fights against the marginalization within and between different groups of societies. The question this report asks is how does the structural transformation in converging economies affect their "social fabric", their sense of belonging or put generally their ability to peacefully manage collective action problems.
Recent events in well performing countries in the Arab world but also beyond such as in Thailand, China and India seem to suggest that economic growth, rising fiscal resources and improvements in education are not sufficient to create cohesion; governments need to address social deficits and actively promote social cohesion if long‐term development is to be sustainable.
Part I: Opportunities and challenges for social cohesion
Chapter 1. Shifting Wealth: A Window of Opportunity
Chapter 2. Social Cohesion and Development
Chapter 3. The Challenges for Social Cohesion in a Shifting World
Chapter 4. Inequality
Part II ‐ Building a Policy Agenda for Social Cohesion in Times of Shifting Wealth
Chapter 5. Sustainable Fiscal Policies for Stronger Social Contracts
Chapter 6. Employment and Social Protection Policies for Social Cohesion
Chapter 7. Social Cohesion and Policies for Enhancing Civic Participation
Chapter 8. Cross‐cutting Policy Issues
Chapter 9. Fostering Social Cohesion in a Shifting World
Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: 2011-11-01