When the OECD was founded in 1961, health systems were gearing themselves up to deliver acute care interventions. Sick people were to be cured in hospitals, then sent on their way again. Medical training was focused on hospitals; innovation was to develop
new interventions; payment systems were centred around single episodes of care. Health systems have delivered big improvements in health since then, but they can be slow to adapt to new challenges. In particular, these days, the overwhelming burden
of disease is chronic, for which ‘cure' is out of our reach. Health policies have changed to some extent in response, though perhaps not enough. But the challenge of the future is that the typical recipient of health care will be aged and will have
multiple morbidities. This book examines how payment systems, innovation policies and human resource policies need to be modernised so that OECD health systems will continue to generate improved health outcomes in the future at a sustainable cost.
The latest disease burden challenge: people with multiple chronic conditions Chapter 2. Ageing, health and innovation: policy reforms to facilitate healthy and active ageing in OECD countries Chapter 3. The challenge of financing care for individuals with
multi‐morbidity Chapter 4. Reconfiguring health professions in times of multi‐morbidity: eight recommendations for change Chapter 5. Health sector innovation and partnerships