Benefit Systems and Labour Market Services
Abstract:This chapter looks at the role of and developments in different parts of the benefit system and the take‐up and effectiveness of labour market services. It finds that benefits other than disability benefit ‐ mainly unemployment and social assistance benefits ‐ play a large role, especially for people with common mental disorders. The functioning of these systems is therefore crucial for the overall outcomes, especially the ability of those systems to identify a client's mental illness and the resulting support needs. For the disability benefit system the findings suggest that the rising share of claims caused by mental disorders is to a large extent the result of i) a work‐limiting understanding of mental illness, and ii) the shift among people with co‐morbid conditions towards taking the mental health condition as the primary cause for incapacity. On the effectiveness of employment services the chapter concludes that systems fail to ensure a timely delivery of services for people with a mental disorder.
Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: January 1, 2012