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The economic downturn, which has hit Spain particularly hard, led to a significant decline in migration inflows in 2009, from about 690 000 in 2008 to 470 000 in 2009. In parallel, there has also been an increase in migration outflows, although the changes here were more moderate ‐ from about 230 000 to 320 000.

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: July 1, 2011

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