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Russian Federation

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The Russian Federation has the second largest number of foreign‐born persons residing on its territory, after the United States. Most in‐ and out‐migration is with other countries of the former Soviet Union (FSU). According to the 2002 Census, the most recent data available on the immigrant population, there were 12 million foreign‐born persons in the Russian Federation in that year, about 8.3% of the total population. Close to 90% were of Russian nationality and indeed, most were from the FSU, whose break‐up transformed overnight many persons born in these republics into foreign‐born persons. Some 3.5 million were from Ukraine and a further 2.5 million from Kazakhstan.

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: July 1, 2011


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