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In 2009, there were 14 600 new permanent immigrants to Israel, a slight increase (6%) over 2008, but far below the level of the 1990s, when immigration averaged almost 100 000 annually. The main countries from which immigrants arrived were the Russian Federation (22%), the United States (17%), Ukraine (11%) and France (11%). One notable absence in inflows in 2009 was Ethiopia, which had provided about 11% of the inflow over the previous decade.

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: July 1, 2011

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