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Immigrants are, in the first instance, defined as those who are foreign‐born. In general, the foreign‐born population is substantially larger than the share of foreign nationals. More information on the origin and characteristics of the immigrant population in OECD countries, and on data sources, can be found in OECD (2010). 2009 PISA data, used here to consider the migrant status of 15 year‐old school pupils and their parents, is described in SS3 below.

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: 2011-04-01

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