Skip to main content


Buy Article:

$32.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Pension contribution rates have remained broadly stable since the mid‐1990s. The average contribution rate in the 25 OECD countries that levy separate public contributions increased from 19.2% in 1994 to 19.6% in 2009, reaching a high of 20.0% in 2004. This probably reflects governments' concerns over the effect on employment of high labour taxes. Indeed, these concerns seem to have taken precedence over the pressure on pension‐system finances from aging populations and maturing of schemes. In the 23 countries for which data are available, revenues from these contributions were worth an average of 5.1% of national income, representing 14.2% of total government revenues raised from taxes and contributions.

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: 2011-03-01

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more