Abstract:Pension contribution rates have remained broadly stable since the mid‐1990s. The average contribution rate in the 25 OECD countries that levy separate public contributions increased from 19.2% in 1994 to 19.6% in 2009, reaching a high of 20.0% in 2004. This probably reflects governments' concerns over the effect on employment of high labour taxes. Indeed, these concerns seem to have taken precedence over the pressure on pension‐system finances from aging populations and maturing of schemes. In the 23 countries for which data are available, revenues from these contributions were worth an average of 5.1% of national income, representing 14.2% of total government revenues raised from taxes and contributions.
Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: March 1, 2011