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Latina entrepreneurship and recent self‐employment trends in the United States

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Abstract:

This chapter provides information on some recent trends in entrepreneurship in the United States, focusing, in particular, on the self‐employment performance of Latinas (women of Hispanic background, both foreign‐ and US‐born). Latinos represent the largest and fastest growing minority group in the US, and a group with low labour market outcomes. This chapter investigates whether self‐employment should be considered a policy tool to broaden the labour market alternatives of Latinas. ¬†Self‐employment has grown substantially in the United States over the last three decades. Women and immigrants have played an important role in this growth. Latina business owners, who are mostly immigrants, represent an important group among these entrepreneurs. The average performance of self‐employed Latinas appears favourable when compared to that of white female counterparts. However, Latinas in salaried employment have higher earnings than Latina business owners. In light of those findings, the determinants of self‐employment decision for Latinas in the US are analysed.

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: 2010-11-01

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