This chapter analyses business creation in France by immigrants from a country outside the European Union, based on longitudinal data collected through the Information System on New Enterprises survey system (SINE). This system allows for tracking the life‐cycles
of individual enterprises created in France and thus enables analysis of the process by which migrant entrepreneurs set up their businesses. In particular, this chapter describes the evidence resulting from the 2006 survey concerning the specific profile of the entrepreneurs of
foreign nationality, compared with their counterparts of French nationality, as well as the specific characteristics of the businesses they established in France. In addition, it provides a brief description of the development of those businesses in their first three
years of existence, primarily in terms of employment and turnover.