The determinants of immigrant entrepreneurship and employment creation in Portugal
Abstract:In Portugal, as in other receiving countries, during recent decades immigrants achieved higher entrepreneurial rates than natives. However, a detailed analysis of official data makes it clear that not all immigrant groups have the same propensity to become an entrepreneur in Portugal nor the entrepreneurship rates and/or the employment created by immigrants in the country are constant in time. This chapter aims to explain these trends throughout the identification of several determinants that frame immigrant entrepreneurship. Three explanatory dimensions are emphasised: the Portuguese opportunity structure (in particular, the interference of the legal framework and the labour market), the community entrepreneurial resources of each immigrant group and the personal characteristics of the entrepreneur himself.
Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: November 1, 2010