In 2008, European Union countries devoted 8.3% of their GDP on average to health spending (Figure 4.2.1), up from 7.3% in 1998. The ratio of health spending to GDP among European countries in 2008 ranged from around
6% in Cyprus and Romania to more than 11% of GDP in France (Figure 4.2.1). This compares with 16% in the United States. Of the other European countries, Switzerland, Austria, Germany and Belgium all allocated more
than 10% of their national economies to health spending.