Abstract:Dementia describes a variety of brain disorders which progressively damage and destroy brain cells. Affecting mainly people over the age of 60 years, dementia results in the deterioration of mental ability characterised by impairments in memory and cognition. It is one of the most important causes of disability in the elderly. The most common cause of dementia in the European Union is Alzheimer's disease (around 50‐70%), followed by successive strokes that lead to multi‐infarct dementia (around 30%). There is no cure for dementia, but drugs exist to alleviate and temporarily delay the symptoms.
Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: 2010-12-01