Abstract:Improving labour market conditions in the Slovak Republic as well as the rise in foreign investment since accession to the EU (2004) contributed to change international migration patterns, with higher inflows and lower recorded outflows. This transformation from an emigration to a transit and immigration country culminated in 2007‐2008 but was interrupted by the spreading economic crisis in 2009. The unemployment rate hit a low of 9.6% in 2008 before climbing to 12.9% in January 2010. Employer demand for foreign workers fell, and the number of immigrants registered as foreign entrepreneurs decreased. While the proportion of immigrants in the population remains quite low (1% in 2009), forecast declining demographic trends from 2015 on suggest rising migration flows in the future.
Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: June 1, 2010