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Standardised statistics on permanent‐type migration indicate a 4.3% increase in France in 2008, as 167 500 new entries were recorded compared to 160 700 a year before. Labour migration accounts for the bulk of this increase with about 6 000 additional
long‐term work permits granted to non‐EU citizens in 2008 compared to the previous year, some of which were granted under a limited regularisation programme for irregular migrants employed in selected occupations. Migration from new EU member countries is also rising,
in part due to introduction of shortage occupation lists. Family reunification still comprises more than 50% of total permanent‐type migration flows to France in 2008, free movement being estimated at around 20%, while work related migration from third
countries and humanitarian migration account respectively for 14% and 7%. Nevertheless, the total number of new permits issued for family reunification decreased slightly in 2008, from 88 100 to 86 900. This trend has continued and accelerated in 2009,
partly because of the implementation of measures introduced by the law on immigration, integration and asylum which came into force on 20 November 2007, aimed at creating a new balance between labour migration and family migration.