Undertaking physical activity in adolescence is beneficial for health, and can set standards for adult physical activity levels, thereby indirectly influencing health outcomes in later life. Research supports the role that physical activity in adolescence has in the
prevention and treatment of a range of youth health issues including asthma, mental health, bone health and obesity. More direct links to adult health are found between physical activity in adolescence and its effect on overweight and obesity and related diseases,
breast cancer rates and bone health in later life. The health effects of adolescent physical activity are largely dependent on the activity type, e.g. water physical activities in adolescence are effective in the treatment of asthma, and exercise is recommended
in the treatment of cystic fibrosis (Hallal et al., 2006; Currie et al., 2008).