Whatever the level of qualification, first experiences on the labour market have a profound influence on later working life. Getting off to a good start facilitates integration and lays the foundation for a good career, while a failure can be difficult to make up. This
report contains ‐ for Australia ‐ a survey of the main barriers to employment for young people, an assessment of the adequacy and effectiveness of existing measures to improve the transition from school‐to‐work, as well as a set of policy recommendations
for further action.
Summary and Main Recommendations Introduction Chapter 1. The Challenge Ahead ‐1. Demographics and Major Labour Market Outcomes ‐2. Transition from School to Work ‐3. Key Points Chapter
2. Initial Education and On‐the‐Job Training ‐1. The Provision of Education Services: A Complex Pattern of Responsibilities ‐2. Performance of the Education System ‐3. Strategies to Improve Educational Attainment ‐4.
Between School and Work ‐5. Job‐Related Training ‐6. Key Points Chapter 3. Demand‐Side Opportunities and Barriers ‐1. Australia's Labour Market ‐2. Youth unemployment and the Business Cycle ‐3.
Starting Wages and Labour Relations ‐4. Non‐Wage Costs and Other Barriers to Employment ‐5. Moving Up the Wage Ladder, Low‐Pay Persistence? ‐6. Wage Discrimination? ‐7. Key Points Chapter
4. The Role of Welfare and Activation Policies ‐1. Income Support in Australia ‐2. Statistical Evidence about Youth on Income Support ‐3. the 2008‐09 Reforms by the Labour Government ‐4. Key Points Bibliography