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The youth labour market in Japan has gone through major upheavals over the past two decades. Until the early 1990s, it was characterised by a rapid transition of school leavers into stable employment, low unemployment and low job turnover. These patterns were explained by a combination of strong labour demand and a unique school‐to‐work transition system in which schools were directly linked to firms and provided placement services to most of their students. In a context of generalised lifetime employment practices, firms hired new staff upon school completion with the prospect of long‐term employment and provided intensive on‐the‐job training to new hires.

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: December 1, 2008

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