THE LABOUR MARKET INTEGRATION OF IMMIGRANTS AND THEIR CHILDREN IN FRANCE
The issue of labour market integration of immigrants in France evokes immediately the incidents of autumn 2005, which saw clashes between police and young persons of immigrant background and widespread burning of automobiles and damage to property, in areas with high concentrations of immigrants. The image conveyed in media outside of France about these events is often one of failed integration, of rootless youth with inadequate education and without employment. However, as was pointed out by numerous observers at the time, in many cases the persons involved in these incidents were not immigrants, but rather the offspring of immigrants, many of them born and educated in France and holding French citizenship. The classical economic view of integration (Chiswick, 1978) in which immigrants lacking country‐specific human capital (especially language) acquire it over time and see their labour market outcomes converge to those of the native‐born does not seem particularly relevant in this context.
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Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: 2008-11-01