Immigration to Belgium is characterised by a significant heterogeneity regarding the origin and distribution of the immigrant population and their labour market outcomes. With more than 12% foreign‐born in the population, Belgium has one of the larger immigrant
communities in Europe. Belgium is a country with a long immigration history with successive migration waves of immigrants coming for different reasons and from different countries. Until the early post‐war period, immigration was work‐related, with immigrants
mainly coming from the neighbouring countries and from Italy. Over the following decades, inflows gradually shifted to a more diverse set of origin countries, and towards family and humanitarian migration.