Recent Changes in Migration Movements and Policies: Poland
Abstract:Migration flows in Poland are still largely outward and have increased steadily during the last decade and especially since the country's accession to the EU in May 2004. Precise figures on emigration are difficult to obtain, as most people do not declare emigration. The national Labour Force Survey provides a lower‐bound estimate of about 537 000 Poles who had been abroad for more than two months in the second quarter of 2007, up 38% from the same quarter of 2006. About half of these Poles were abroad for more than 12 months. Post‐accession labour emigration has been disproportionately female, younger and better educated. The main destinations are the UK and Ireland, although migration to Germany, Norway and Sweden has also been high. With the ongoing expansion of Poland's economy, an improving exchange rate and rising wages, there are some signs of a slowdown of emigration in the second half of 2007.
Document Type: Review Article
Publication date: September 1, 2008